- ISBN 9789812779137 / 9812779132
- Title Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics of Heterogeneous Systems
- Author Signe Kjelstrup and Dick Bedeaux
- Category Thermochemistry & Chemical Thermodynamics
- Format Hardcover
- Year 2008
- Pages 434
- Publisher World Scientific Publishing Company
- Imprint World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd
- Language English
- Dimensions 162mm x 28mm x 228mm
With large coupling effects between the transport of heat, mass, charge and chemical reactions at surfaces, it is important to know how one should properly integrate across systems where different phases are in contact. This book gives a prescription of how to set up flux equations for transports across heterogeneous systems.
The purpose of this book is to encourage the use of non-equilibrium thermodynamics to describe transport in complex, heterogeneous media. With large coupling effects between the transport of heat, mass, charge and chemical reactions at surfaces, it is important to know how one should properly integrate across systems where different phases are in contact. No other book gives a prescription of how to set up flux equations for transports across heterogeneous systems.The authors apply the thermodynamic description in terms of excess densities, developed by Gibbs for equilibrium, to non-equilibrium systems. The treatment is restricted to transport into and through the surface. Using local equilibrium together with the balance equations for the surface, expressions for the excess entropy production of the surface and of the contact line are derived. Many examples are given to illustrate how the theory can be applied to coupled transport of mass, heat, charge and chemical reactions; in phase transitions, at electrode surfaces and in fuel cells. Molecular simulations and analytical studies are used to add insight.
This textbook may serve as a basis for an introductory course on the theory of non-equilibrium thermodynamics in heterogeneous media. It will appeal to both mathematicians and mathematics graduate students. The reader will find useful complementary materials included: a large number of good examples and exercises are solved for the benefit of the r — Mathematical Reviews “Mathematical Reviews”