The physical properties of materials relay phenomena occurring at different space and time scales, ranging from nanometers to centimeters and from femtoseconds to seconds. This immediately illustrates the fundamental difficulty of establishing a connection between material behaviour at the microscopic level, where it needs to be understood, and macroscopic properties that need to be predicted. This book is a comprehensive assessment of the various theoretical and numerical methods currently in use to investigate microstructural transformations and mechanical properties of inhomogeneous systems, from the atomic scale to the macroscopic: kinetic mean-field theories, Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations, Ginzburg-Landau and phase field methods as applied to plasticity and microstructure transformation, discrete and stochastic dislocation dynamics, and cluster dynamics.
Extensive surveys of major physical processes include: solidification, microstructural evolution in single and polycrystalline systems under internal and applied stress, high temperature plasticity, recrystallization, large plastic strain in multiphase systems, fatigue, fracture, diffusive transformations, and fine grained materials.
I: Introduction. Introduction to modelling techniques in diffusive phase transformations; Y.J.M. Brechet. II: Phase Transformation and Microstructures: Mesoscopic Methods. Mean field theories and Ginzburg-Landau methods; V.I. Tokar. Mesophase phase field modeling of engineering materials: microstructure and microelasticity; A.G. Khachaturyan, Yu U. Wang, Yongmei M. Jin. Phase-field models of solidification and fracture; A. Karma. The dynamics of interfaces in elastically stressed solids; P.W. Voorhees, K. Thornton. Cluster dynamics; C. Sigli, P. Guyot, L. Lae. Sensitivity of texture development during grain growth to anisotropy of grain boundary properties; A. Rollett. Computer Modelling of diffusion controlled transformations; G. Inden. Solute drag: a review of the Force and Dissapation approaches to the effect of solute on grain and interphase boundary motion; C.R. Hutchinson, Y. Brechet. On the jerky nature of martensitic transformation; G. Anathakrishna, S. Sreekala, R. Ahluwalia. III: Microstructures and Plasticity. Deformation of single phase and multiphase materials up to large plastic strains; J.D. Embury. Microstructural aspects of cycle deformation and fatigue of metals; H. Mughrabi. High temperature plasticity of metallic materials; Y. Estrin. Transformation-induced plasticity in steels; P.J. Jaques. IV: Modelling of Plasticity and Related Microstructures. Grain size effect of plasticity modelled by molecular dynamics; H. van Swygenhoven, P.M. Derlet, A. Hasnaoui. Mixed atomistic/continuum methods: static and dynamic quasicontinuum methods; D. Rodney. Boundary problems in DD simulations; B. Devincre, A. Roos, S. Groh.Discrete dislocation plasticity; E. van der Giessen. Surface instabilities and misfit dislocations in annealed heteroepitaxial films; M. Haataja, M. Grant. On the role of the strain-rate sensitivity in collective dislocation effects; P. Hahner, S. Bross. Statistical properties of dislocation ensembles; I. Groma, F.F. Csikor. Collective behaviour of defect ensembles and some nonlinear aspects of failure; O.B. Naimark. Field theory of crystal defect structure; A.I. Olemskoi, A.V. Khomenko. V: Kinetics and Phase Transformations at the Atomic Scale. Monte-Carlo methods; V. Pontikis. Kinetic Monte-Carlo simulations in crystalline alloys: principles and selected applications; P. Bellon. Role of atomic-scale simulation in the modeling of solidification microstructure; M. Asta, D.Y. Sun, J.J. Hoyt. Applications of Monte-Carlo simulations to the kinetics of phase transformations; F. Soisson. VI: Experimental Investigations of Microstructures. Experimental investigations of microstructures; G. Kostorz, R. Erni, H. Heinrich. Atomic-scale tomography of microstructures and plastic properties; D. Blavette, E. Cadel, B. Deconihout, F. Danoix. Analysis of displacement and strain at the atomic level by high-resolution electron microscopy; M.J. Hytch. Dislocation organization under stress: TiA1; P. Veyssiere. List of Speakers. Partners/Sponsors.
NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry (Paperback)
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Place of Publication
Muriel Veron, Alphonse Finel, Dominique Maziere
Country of Publication