Micronutrient deficiency affects more than two billion people in the world today, contributing to the vicious cycle of malnutrition and underdevelopment. Micronutrient deficiencies have long-ranging effects on health, learning ability and productivity. Food-based approaches, which include food production, dietary diversification and food fortification, are sustainable strategies for improving the micronutrient status of populations. This book focuses on practical, sustainable actions for overcoming micronutrient deficiencies through increased access to, and consumption of, adequate quantities and an appropriate variety of safe, good-quality food. It is suitable for policymakers, agronomists, food and nutrition security planners, and health workers.
1. Strategies for preventing multi-micronutrient deficiencies: a review of experiences with food-based approaches in developing countries; 2. Addressing micronutrient malnutrition to achieve nutrition security; 3. Agricultural interventions and nutrition: lessons from the past and new evidence; 4. A 3 year cohort study to assess the impact of an integrated food- and livelihood-based model on undernutrition in rural western Kenya; 5. Food-based, low-cost strategies to combat micronutrient deficiencies: evidence-based interventions in Lesotho and Malawi; 6. Animal source foods as a food-based approach to address nutrient deficiencies and functional outcomes: a study among Kenyan schoolchildren; 7. Small animal revolving funds: an innovative programming model to increase access to and consumption of animal source foods by rural households in Malawi; 8. Aquaculture's role in improving food and nutrition security; 9. A home gardening approach developed in South Africa to address Vitamin A deficiency; 10. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center's approach to alleviate malnutrition; 11. Introducing vegetables into the India Mid-Day Meal Programme (MDM): the potential for dietary change; 12. Developing micronutrient-rich snacks for pre-conception and antenatal health: the Mumbai Maternal Nutrition Project (MMNP); 13. Approaches and lessons learned for promoting dietary improvement in Pohnpei, Micronesia; 14. A food systems approach to increase dietary zinc intake in Bangladesh based on an analysis of diet, rice production and processing; 15. Combating iron deficiency: food-based approaches; 16. Human micronutrient deficiencies: linkages with micronutrient deficiencies in soils, crops and animal nutrition; 17. Nationwide supplementation of sodium selenate to commercial fertilizers. History and 20-year results from the Finnish selenium monitoring programme; 18. Leaf concentrate and other benefits of leaf fractionation; 19. Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs): a methodology for conducting economic studies of food-based interventions such as biofortification.
"More than two billion people suffer from a micronutrient deficiency of trace minerals and vitamins that has debilitating effects on their physical health, mental acuity, learning ability, and economic productivity. The 'cure' for a micronutrient deficiency is to be found in food production, dietary diversification, and food fortification. The global problem of micronutrient deficiencies is of serious concern to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Two of their staff, Brian Thompson and Leslie Amoroso, have collaborated to compile "Combating Micronutrient Deficiencies: Food-Based Approaches," a 256-page compendium of nineteen articles by experts in their fields, that has as its focus thematically appropriate, applicable, sustainable techniques, strategies, and practices to insure the production of safe, good-quality food as a means of successfully ameliorating micronutrient deficiencies anywhere in the world. Enhanced with bibliographic references and a comprehensive and exhaustive index, "Combating Micronutrient Deficiencies" is a significant and invaluable addition to professional and academic library Nutritional Studies reference collections."
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B. Thompson, L. Amoroso
COMBATING MICRONUTRIENT DEFICI