"Criminal Justice Ethics: Theory and Practice, 2/E" takes a sociological approach to criminal justice ethics by emphasizing the social and historical aspects of ethical inquiry. The author presents a unique discussion of ethical issues by exploring moral dilemmas faced by professionals in the criminal justice system before examining the major theoretical foundations of ethics. This distinct organization allows readers to understand real life ethical issues before grappling with philosophical approaches to the resolution of those issues.
Cyndi Banks is Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Northern Arizona University. She teaches courses on a range of subjects with a special focus on criminal justice ethics, juvenile justice, gender and crime, as well as comparative criminology. As well as being an accomplished academic, Dr. Banks in an expert consultant for overseas development projects in the justice sector and, in that capacity, as worked in Papua New Guinea, Bangladesh, Iraq and, most recently, as a juvenile justice specialist with UNICEF in Sudan. In additional to this text, she is the author of four other books and has a new book in press concerned with the experience of institutionalization for juveniles in an institution in Alaska.
PART I: THE INTERACTION BETWEEN ETHICS AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Chapter 1: The Importance of Ethics in Criminal Justice The Meaning of Ethics The Value of Ethics Normative Ethics Ethical Relativism Ethical Absolutism Ethical Pluralism Religion and Ethical Standards Ethics and Natural Law Ethics and Law Ethical Dilemmas Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice Summary Discussion Questions Chapter 2: Ethics and the Police Ethics and Policing The Nature of Policing Police as an Institution Police Culture Police Discretion Ethics and Codes of Ethics Police Use of Force Dirty Harry/Dirty Hands Police Corruption Whistle-Blowing Ethical Issues in Investigation, Interrogation, and Custody Explanations for Police Corruption Summary Discussion Questions Chapter 3: Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System Ethical Background Historical Context Is There Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System? Imprisonment Disparities Death Penalty Disparities Hate Crimes Explanations for Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System Summary Discussion Questions Chapter 4: Lawyers and Ethics Legal Ethics: Historical Context The Nature of Professional Ethics Defense Lawyers The Prosecutor Judicial Ethics Summary Discussion Questions Chapter 5: The Purpose of Criminal Punishment What is Punishment? Theoretical Approaches to Punishment Why Punish? The Philosophical Approach Why Punish? The Sociological Approach Summary Discussion Questions Chapter 6: Ethics in Corrections The Prison Explosion Maximum Security Conditions Women's Incarceration Medium Security Minimum Security Stateville Prison: The Changing State of Corrections Guarding Ethically The Experience of Guarding Power and Authority in Prison: Controlling the Inmates Guarding with Discretion The Gray Wall of Silence: Prison Guard Subculture Use of Force Prisoner "Power" Unethical Situations Whistle-Blowing in Corrections Ethical Considerations in Probation and Parole Summary Discussion Questions Chapter 7: The Ethics of Criminal Justice Policy Making The Ethics of Policy Making Morality Policy Public Opinion About Punishment Mandatory Minimum Sentencing The "War on Drugs" Truth in Sentencing Predators and Superpredators Capital Punishment Private Prisons Discussion Questions Summary Chapter 8: Ethics and the War on Terrorism Defining terrorism Warfare or Crime Control? What are the Morally Justifiable Constraints and Restrictions that a Government Should be Permitted to Impose on its Citizens in a War on Terrorism? What Moral Restrictions Apply to the Conduct of Counter Terrorist Operations? Is Torture Morally Permissible as a Counter-Terrorist Strategy? Summary PART II: THE APPLICATION OF ETHICAL THEORIES TO THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Chapter 9: Duty and Principle Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives Conflicting Duties Applying Deontological Theory: A Case Study Summary Discussion Questions Chapter 10: Considering the Consequences Pleasure and Happiness Act Consequentialism Rule Consequentialism Public Policy and Utilitarianism Arguments Criticizing Utilitarianism Applying Utilitarian Theory: A Case Study Summary Discussion Questions Chapter 11: The Importance of Character Virtues Aristotle and Happiness The Golden Mean Practical Wisdom What's Wrong with Virtue Applying Virtue Theory: A Case Study Summary Discussion Questions Chapter 12: Egoism, Pleasure, and Indifference Stoicism Hedonism Ethical Egoism Applying the Theory of Ethical Egoism: A Case Study Summary Discussion Questions Chapter 13: A Sense of Justice Application of Principals Justice as Fairness Moral Development Applying Rawlsian Theory Summary Discussion Questions Chapter 14: Caring for Others Kohlberg and Gilligan A Theory of Moral Development "In a Different Voice": Carol Gilligan Gender and the Ethic of Care The Ethic of Care and Justice Peacemaking Applying the Ethic of Care: A Case Study Summary Discussion Questions Index About the Author
CRIMINAL JUSTICE ETHICS 2/E
Sage Publications (CA)
SAGE Publications Inc
Theory and Practice
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