This volume explores the relationship between culture and the military in Chinese society from early China to the Qing empire, with contributions by eminent scholars aiming to reexamine the relationship between military matters and law, government, historiography, art, philosophy, literature, and politics. This book critically investigates the perception that, due to the influence of Confucianism, Chinese culture has systematically devalued military matters. There was nothing inherently pacifist about the Chinese governments' views of war, and pragmatic approaches - even aggressive and expansionist projects - often prevailed. Though it has changed in form, a military elite has existed in China from the beginning of its history, and military service included a large proportion of the population at any given time. Popular literature praised the martial ethos of fighting men. Civil officials attended constantly to military matters on the administrative and financial ends. The seven military classics produced in antiquity continued to be read even into the modern period.
These original essays explore the ways in which intellectual, civilian, and literary elements helped shape the nature of military institutions, theory, and the culture of war. This important contribution bridges two literatures, military and cultural, that seldom appear together in the study of China, and deepens our understanding of war and society in Chinese history.
Nicola Di Cosmo is Luce Foundation Professor of East Asian Studies, Institute for Advanced Studies. Robin D. S. Yates is Assistant Professor of Chinese History, Harvard University. Peter C. Perdue is Professor of History at Yale University.
* Acknowledgments * Introduction Nicola Di Cosmo * Law and the Military in Early China Robin D. S. Yates * Martial Prognostication Ralph D. Sawyer * The Western Han Army: Organization, Leadership, and Operation Michael Loewe * The Military Culture of Later Han Rafe de Crespigny * Military Aspects of the War of the Eight Princes, 300--307 Edward L. Dreyer * Narrative Maneuvers: The Representation of Battle in Tang Historical Writing David A. Graff * Tang Military Culture and Its Inner Asian Influences Jonathan Karam Skaff * Unsung Men of War: Acculturated Embodiments of the Martial Ethos in the Song Dynasty Don J. Wyatt * Wen and Wu in Elite Cultural Practices during the Late Ming Kathleen Ryor * Mengzi's Art of War: The Kangxi Emperor Reforms the Qing Military Examinations Sam Gilbert * Writing from Experience: Personal Records of War and Disorder in Jiangnan during the Ming-Qing Transition Grace S. Fong * Militarization of Culture in Eighteenth-Century China Joanna Waley-Cohen * Military Finance of the High Qing Period: An Overview Yingcong Dai * Coercion and Commerce on Two Chinese Frontiers Peter C. Perdue * Notes * Glossary * Bibliography * Contributors * Index
This excellent book will be the starting place for many future scholars of Chinese military history. -- K. E. Stapleton Choice 20090901 This is an extremely valuable study of Chinese military culture. -- Peter Lorge Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 20100731 Future students of the role of the military in Chinese history will want to have the present volume close at hand. -- Paul Jakov Smith Journal of Military History 20091001 Throughout Military Culture in Imperial China, it is clear China did not have the dramatic split between military and literary culture that many have perceived...As China grows economically, politically and militarily, it will become increasingly important to understand China's present military culture, which is rooted in the imperial tradition explored in this book. -- Francesco Sisci Asia Times 20091001
Harvard University Press
Harvard University Press
Place of Publication
Country of Publication
Nicola Di Cosmo
3 line illustrations, 7 maps, 1 chart
MILITARY CULTURE IN IMPERIAL C