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Chinese Medicinal Plants, Herbal Drugs and Substitutes: An Identification Guide

Christine Leon and Lin Yu-lin


  • Hardcover
    $279.00
ISBN: 9781842463871
ANNOTATION:
This is the first botanically authoritative and practical illustrated identification guide to Chinese medicinal plants and drugs and their substitutes. It offers authoritative guidance on the identification of the herbal drugs themselves, and the plants from which they are sourced.
Chinese Medicinal Plants, Herbal Drugs and Substitutes: An Identification Guide
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  • Hardcover
    $279.00
ISBN: 9781842463871
ANNOTATION:
This is the first botanically authoritative and practical illustrated identification guide to Chinese medicinal plants and drugs and their substitutes. It offers authoritative guidance on the identification of the herbal drugs themselves, and the plants from which they are sourced.

Annotation

This is the first botanically authoritative and practical illustrated identification guide to Chinese medicinal plants and drugs and their substitutes. It offers authoritative guidance on the identification of the herbal drugs themselves, and the plants from which they are sourced.

Publisher Description

This is the first botanically authoritative and practical illustrated identification guide to Chinese medicinal plants and drugs and their substitutes. It offers authoritative guidance on the identification of the herbal drugs themselves, and the plants from which they are sourced. Over the past 15 years, the authors have been collecting plant specimens throughout China, using verified species to create typical TCM reference drugs, prepared according to traditional methods. The herbal drugs included in this book are officially recognised from the Chinese materia medica (as defined in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia) and their selection has been based on those popular in international trade, as well as those recognised by the European Herbal and Traditional Medicine Practitioners Association, and those that are easily confused, substituted or adulterated with other plants.

Author Biography

Christine Leon is a medical botanist and specialises in Chinese medicinal plants, based at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, where she has worked since 1997. She helped establish the Chinese Medicinal Plants Authentication Centre at Kew, in partnership with the Institute of Medicinal Plant Development in Beijing, China. Professor Lin Yu-Lin is a leading specialist on the identification of Chinese medicinal plants and their materia medica, and is based at the Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College.

Review

It is well known (if often greatly exaggerated by the media) that the identity of medicinal plants in commerce is sometimes questionable, due to a combination of deliberate adulteration, accidental substitution, and traditional practices that permit multiple, occasionally unrelated species to be used interchangeably. Though many elaborate laboratory methods of authenticating botanicals have been developed, morphological identification remains not only the most accessible and affordable method, but the most rigorous in cases where sufficiently intact and complete material is sold. A variety of works are available to assist in the authentication of botanicals popular in the West, but the best books on Chinese herbs, the basis of an increasingly well-researched and globally exported health care modality, are in Chinese and largely inaccessible to Westerners. This book fills in that gap with a top-quality, beautifully illustrated and exhaustively researched reference work. Each of the included species receives at least a twopage spread, commonly four pages or occasionally more. Treatments include notes on taxonomy, botanical description, natural range and sourcing, Traditional Chinese Medicine properties and Western indications, description of the macromorphology of the crude drug, notes on processing methods, Chinese common names and their translation, notes on known safety issues, allowable and unofficial substitutes, and photos of living plants and crude drugs. The authors conducted field expeditions in 21 Chinese provinces to collect vouchered material and take photos of live plants. Most photos are of very good quality, and descriptions are clearly written. As examples, the treatment for Shan Yao (Dioscorea polystachya rhizome) includes four pictures of the live plant, one of an herbarium specimen, one of baskets of rhizome pieces, two of variously treated whole rhizomes, and three of sliced rhizomes subjected to different types of processing. Thetreatment for Yin Chen (Artemisia scoparia herb) includes three photos of the live plant and five at various magnifications of two different named types of dried material collected at different growth stages, five photos of the second allowable pharmacopoeial species (Artemisia capillaris), five photos of the unofficial substitute Origanum vulgare (confused due to the name Tu Yin Chen), and a text box with the Latin and Chinese names and key morphological distinctions of four unofficial Artemisia species reported in the TCM literature as substitutes. Comparable thoroughness is typical throughout. Though of course it is not possible for any single volume to include all TCM herbs, this work includes enough, as treated species or as substitutes, to cover most of those that will be frequently encountered. Multiple bilingual indices make the information easy to find. While this volume will become an essential reference for those ethnobotanists who wind up employed in the herbal industry, it will have value also for those doing research on Asian traditional medicine, e.g., by facilitating the identification of materials purchased for market studies or acquired from practitioners without associated vouchers. The authors are to be congratulated for a superb contribution to the literature, which I certainly expect to make use of for a lifetime. -- WENDY L. APPLEQUIST ECONOMIC BOTANY

Long Description

This is the first botanically authoritative and practical illustrated identification guide to Chinese medicinal plants and drugs and their substitutes. It offers authoritative guidance on the identification of the herbal drugs themselves, and the plants from which they are sourced. Over the past 15 years, the authors have been collecting plant specimens throughout China, using verified species to create typical TCM reference drugs, prepared according to traditional methods. The herbal drugs included in this book are officially recognised from the Chinese materia medica (as defined in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia) and their selection has been based on those popular in international trade, as well as those recognised by the European Herbal and Traditional Medicine Practitioners Association, and those that are easily confused, substituted or adulterated with other plants. The authors provide a wealth of information on 226 herbal drugs, each illustrated extensively with colour photographs. Plant descriptions are given for official species and substitutes, with details on the harvesting, source and natural range, conservation status, the number of wild Chinese species, and up to date taxonomy and nomenclature for all Latin scientific names. Accompanying this is the derivative drug morphology, showing crude and processed forms, along with drug common names, properties and uses, and toxicity rating. Guidance is given on when to use laboratory-based methods to improve identification robustness. The layout and design of the book allow for quick and easy cross referencing of official and substitute species, with images appearing side by side, highlighting key identification characters. The herbal drugs are arranged by plant part, in colour coded sections, and cover the following: rhizomes, roots, tubers and bulbs; aerial parts and whole plants; stems and woods; stem barks and root barks; leaves; flowers and flower parts; and fruits, seeds and other fruit parts. This easy to use, comprehensive identification manual is ideal for those without botanical or materia medica identification training, as well as TCM traders, herbal dispensaries and practitioners, health regulators, conservationists including CITES enforcement officers, academia, and the natural product industries as well as those involved in the cultivation and sustainable supply of the plants themselves.

Review Text

It is well known (if often greatly exaggerated by the media) that the identity of medicinal plants in commerce is sometimes questionable, due to a combination of deliberate adulteration, accidental substitution, and traditional practices that permit multiple, occasionally unrelated species to be used interchangeably. Though many elaborate laboratory methods of authenticating botanicals have been developed, morphological identification remains not only the most accessible and affordable method, but the most rigorous in cases where sufficiently intact and complete material is sold. A variety of works are available to assist in the authentication of botanicals popular in the West, but the best books on Chinese herbs, the basis of an increasingly well-researched and globallyexported health care modality, are in Chinese and largely inaccessible to Westerners. This book fills in that gap with a top-quality, beautifully illustrated and exhaustively researched reference work. Each of the included species receives at least a twopage spread, commonly four pages or occasionally more. Treatments include notes on taxonomy, botanical description, natural range and sourcing, Traditional Chinese Medicine properties and Western indications, description of the macromorphology of the crude drug, notes on processing methods, Chinese common names and their translation, notes on known safety issues, allowable and unofficial substitutes, and photos of living plants and crude drugs. The authors conducted field expeditions in 21 Chinese provinces to collect vouchered material and take photos of live plants. Most photos are of very good quality, and descriptions are clearly written. As examples, the treatment for Shan Yao (Dioscorea polystachya rhizome) includes four pictures of the live plant, one of an herbarium specimen, one of baskets of rhizome pieces, two of variously treated whole rhizomes, and three of sliced rhizomes subjected to different types of processing. Thetreatment for Yin Chen (Artemisia scoparia herb) includes three photos of the live plant and five at various magnifications of two different named types of dried material collected at different growth stages, five photos of the second allowable pharmacopoeial species (Artemisia capillaris), five photos of the unofficial substitute Origanum vulgare (confused due to the name Tu Yin Chen), and a text box with the Latin and Chinese names and key morphological distinctions of four unofficial Artemisia species reported in the TCM literature as substitutes. Comparable thoroughness is typical throughout. Though of course it is not possible for any single volume to include all TCM herbs, this work includes enough, as treated species or as substitutes, to cover most of those that will be frequently encountered. Multiple bilingual indices make the information easy to find. While this volume will become an essential reference for those ethnobotanists who wind up employed in the herbal industry, it will have value also for those doing research on Asian traditional medicine, e.g., by facilitating the identification of materials purchased for market studies or acquired from practitioners without associated vouchers. The authors are to be congratulated for a superb contribution to the literature, which I certainly expect to make use of for a lifetime.

Review Quote

"Without any reservation, if you use dried herbs or sell them, you need to have this book."

Description for Sales People

  • The first comprehensive, botanically authoritative, illustrated identification guide to Chinese medicinal plants and drugs and their substitutes Written by expert authors, based on their extensive field work across China's 19 provinces over the past 15 years Covers 242 herbal drugs used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), representing 500 official (Chinese Pharmacopoeia) species and 400 substitute species Comprehensively illustrated throughout with over 3000 colour photographs, showing the plants and drugs (unprocessed and processed), with inset macroscopic images illustrating key characteristics to aid identification Plant descriptions and the derivative drug morphology are given for official species and substitutes, with details on the harvesting, source and natural range, conservation status, as well as the number of wild Chinese species, drug common names, properties and uses, and toxicity rating First TCM identification book to feature fresh and verified plant species and processed drugs prepared to traditional methods Includes English and pin yin drug names, Latin plant names and synonyms Easy to use identification guide, with colour coded sections representing different plant parts Joint project between the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences

Product Details

Author
Christine Leon, Lin Yu-lin
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens
ISBN-10
184246387X
ISBN-13
9781842463871
Format
Hardcover
Country of Publication
United Kingdom
Year
2017
Pages
816
Media
Book
Illustrations
3000 Halftones, color
Subtitle
An identification guide
Short Title
Chinese Medicinal Plants, Herbal Drugs and Substitutes
Language
English
Audience
Professional and Scholarly
Publication Date
2017-02-23