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The Immortal Game: A History of Chess or How 32 Carved Pieces on a Board Illuminated Our Understanding of War, Art, Science, and the Huma

David Shenk


PUBLISHED: 2nd October 2007
ISBN: 9781400034086
ANNOTATION:
In his wide-ranging and ever-fascinating examination of chess, Shenk gleefully unearths the hidden history of a game that seems so simple yet contains infinity.
The Immortal Game: A History of Chess or How 32 Carved Pieces on a Board Illuminated Our Understanding of War, Art, Science, and the Huma
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PUBLISHED: 2nd October 2007
ISBN: 9781400034086
ANNOTATION:
In his wide-ranging and ever-fascinating examination of chess, Shenk gleefully unearths the hidden history of a game that seems so simple yet contains infinity.

Annotation

In his wide-ranging and ever-fascinating examination of chess, Shenk gleefully unearths the hidden history of a game that seems so simple yet contains infinity.

Publisher Description

Chess is the most enduring and universal game in history. Here, bestselling author David Shenk chronicles its intriguing saga, from ancient Persia to medieval Europe to the dens of Benjamin Franklin and Norman Schwarzkopf. Along the way, he examines a single legendary game that took place in London in 1851 between two masters of the time, and relays his own attempts to become as skilled as his Polish ancestor Samuel Rosenthal, a nineteenth-century champion. With its blend of cultural history and Shenk's personal interest, "The Immortal Game" is a compelling guide for novices and aficionados alike.

Author Biography

David Shenk, a former Freedom Forum fellow, has written for"Wired, Harper's, The New Republic, " the "New York Times" and the "Washington Post, " and is a commentator for National Public Radio's "All Things Considered."

Review

Praise for David Shenk's The Immortal Game

"Elegant . . . A true page-turner, and a superb introduction to the game of chess." --The Wall Street Journal

"Clear, elegant, sophisticated and easy to understand. . . . Just the thing to get you in the thrall of this ancient game." --Los Angeles Times

"Shenk, a spry writer. . . . [Offers] a strong case for the game's bewitching power." --The New York Times Book Review

"Shenk's book possesses an almost inestimable advantage over the many other publications about chess. . . . You can be an utter novice, just a simple wood-pusher, and enjoy the author's engaging prose, honest self-deprecation (he's a lousy player), and the charm of his personal connection to the game." --The Washington Post

"Fresh and fascinating . . . A world-spanning story [Shenk] relates with skill and verve." --Chicago Sun-Times

Long Description

Chess is the most enduring and universal game in history. Here, bestselling author David Shenk chronicles its intriguing saga, from ancient Persia to medieval Europe to the dens of Benjamin Franklin and Norman Schwarzkopf. Along the way, he examines a single legendary game that took place in London in 1851 between two masters of the time, and relays his own attempts to become as skilled as his Polish ancestor Samuel Rosenthal, a nineteenth-century champion. With its blend of cultural history and Shenk's personal interest, "The Immortal Game" is a compelling guide for novices and aficionados alike.

Review Quote

Praise forThe Immortal Game "Before reading David Shenk's wonderful new book, I had at best a casual interest in chess. It seemed too ancient to untangle, too complex to decipher with any real appreciation. But Shenk, in a book filled with daring moves and cunning patience, has made a believer out of me." -Stephen J. Dubner, coauthor ofFreakonomics "I loved this book. Full of burning enthusiasm for the greatest intellectual game in the world, it shows just what can happen when an accomplished author, full of fire and passion, tackles a most wonderful and intricate story. Like a great chess game, this is an achievement that will be talked about for many years to come." -Simon Winchester, author ofA Crack in the Edge of the World: America and the Great California Earthquake of 1906andThe Professor and the Madman "It's audacious enough to write a book about the world's most written-about game. To say something fresh and smart seems almost unfair. But that's just what David Shenk has done. With the depth and insight of a grandmaster,The Immortal Gameexplores and explains not only the addictive power of chess but its shockingly important, Zelig-like role in the history of humankind." -Stefan Fatsis, author ofWord Freak: Heartbreak, Triumph, Genius, and Obsession in the World of Competitive Scrabble Players "David Shenk takes us millennia back and light-years ahead.The Immortal Gameis an insightful look at chess, the icons of culture it has inspired, and the surprising part the game plays in the narrative of the modern world." -Bruce Pandolfini, legendary chess instructor, author ofPandolfini's Ultimate Guide to Chess From the Hardcover edition.

Excerpt from Book

  1. "UNDERSTANDING IS THE ESSENTIAL WEAPON" Chess and Our Origins When Sissa had invented chess and produced it to King Shihram, the latter was filled with amazement and joy. He ordered that it should be preserved in the temples, and held it the best thing that he knew as a training in the art of war, a glory to religion and the world, and the foundation of all justice. -- ibn Khallikan, thirteenth century Stories do not exist to tell the facts, but to convey the truth. It is said that in ancient India, a queen had designated her only son as heir to the throne. When the son was assassinated, the queen''s council searched for the proper way to convey the tragic news to her. They approached a philosopher with their predicament. He sat for three days in silent thought, and then said: "Summon a carpenter with wood of two colors, white and black." The carpenter came. The philosopher instructed him to carve thirty-two small figurines from the wood. After this was done, the philosopher said to the carpenter, "Bring me tanned leather," and directed him to cut it into the shape of a square and to etch it with sixty-four smaller squares. He then arranged the pieces on the board and studied them silently. Finally, he turned to his disciple and announced, "This is war without bloodshed." He explained the game''s rules and the two began to play. Word quickly spread about the mysterious new invention, and the queen herself summoned the philosopher for a demonstration. She sat quietly, watching the philosopher and his student play a game. When it was over, one side having checkmated the other, the queen understood the intended message. She turned to the philosopher and said, "My son is dead." "You have said it," he replied. The queen turned to the doorkeeper and said, "Let the people enter to comfort me." The annals of ancient poetry and weathered prose are filled with many such evocative chess stories, stretched over 1,400 years. Over and over, chess was said to have been invented to explain the unexplainable, to make visible the purely abstract, to see simple truths in complex worlds. Pythagoras, the ancient mathematician heralded as the father of numbers, was supposed to have created the game to convey the abstract realities of mathematics. The Greek warrior Palamedes, commander of troops at the siege of Troy, purportedly invented chess as a demonstration of the art of battle positions. Moses, in his posture as Jewish sage, was said to have invented it as a part of an all-purpose educational package, along with astronomy, astrology, and the alphabet. Chess was also considered a window into other people''s unique thoughts. There is the legend of the great medieval rebbe, also a cunning chess player, whose son had been taken away as a young boy and never found. Many decades later, the rebbe was granted an audience with the pope. The two spoke for a while, and then decided to play a game of chess. In their game the pope played a very unusual combination of moves which, to any other opponent, would have been astonishing and overpowering. But the strange combination was not new to the rebbe; he had invented it, in fact, and had shared it only with his young son. The pope, they both instantly realized, was the rebbe''s long lost child. And there are hundreds--maybe thousands--more. Hearing these stories, we care less about whether they are completely true and more about what they say. Myths, said Joseph Campbell, "represent that wisdom of the species by which man has weathered the millenniums." Chess myths, in particular, tell us first that chess goes way, way back, and that it has always been regarded not just as a way to pass the time, but also as a powerful tool for explanation and understanding. While chess is ostensibly about war, it has for 1,400 years been deployed as a metaphor to explore everything from romantic love to economics. Historians routinely stumble across chess stories from nearly every culture and era--stories dealing with class consciousness, free will, political struggle, the frontiers of the mind, the mystery of the divine, the nature of competition, and, perhaps most fundamentally, the emergence of a world where brains often overcome brawn. One need not have any passion for the game itself to be utterly captivated by its centuries of compelling tales, and to appreciate its importance as a thought tool for an emerging civilization. Chess is a teaching and learning instrument older than chalkboards, printed books, the compass, and the telescope. As a miniature reflection of society, it was also considered a moral guidepost. Yet another myth has chess invented to cure the cruelty of Evil-Merodach, a vile Babylonian king from the sixth century b.c. who murdered his father King Nebuchadnezzar and then disposed of his body by chopping it into three hundred pieces and feeding the pieces to three hundred vultures. Desperate to curb the brutality of his new leader, the wise man Xerxes created chess in order to instill virtues and transform him into a just and moral ruler: Here is how a king behaves toward his subjects, and here is how his grateful subjects defend their just king . . . Separately, each chess myth conveys a thousand truths about a particular moment in time where a society longed to understand something difficult about its own past--the source of some idea or tool or tradition. Taken together, they document our quest to understand--and explain--abstraction and complexity in the world around us. The paradox of illuminating complexity is that it is inherently difficult to do so without erasing all of the nuance. As our developing civilization faced more intricate facts and ideas in the early Middle Ages, this was a fundamental challenge: to find a way to represent dense truths without washing out their essence. (This ancient challenge is, of course, also very contemporary, and, as we will see, makes chess fundamentally relevant in the Age of Information.) *** When and how and why was chess invented? The very oldest chess myths point toward its actual origins. One story portrays two successive Indian kings, Hashran and Balhait. The first asked his sage to invent a game symbolizing man''s dependence on destiny and fate; he invented nard, the dice-based predecessor to backgammon. The subsequent monarch needed a game which would embrace his belief in free will and intelligence. "At this time chess was invented," reads an ancient text, "which the King preferred to nard, because in this game skill always succeeds against ignorance. He made mathematical calculations on chess, and wrote a book on it. . . . He often played chess with the wise men of his court, and it was he who represented the pieces by the figures of men and animals, and assigned them grades and ranks. . . ." "He also made of this game a kind of allegory of the heavenly bodies (the seven planets and the twelve zodiacal signs), and dedicated each piece to a star. The game of chess became a school of government and defense; it was consulted in time of war, when military tactics were about to be employed, to study the more or less rapid movements of troops." King Balhait''s wide-ranging list of the game''s uses has a connecting thread: chess as a demonstration device, a touchstone for abstract ideas. The reference to "mathematical calculations" is particularly noteworthy, as math comes up over and over again in many of the oldest chess legends. One tale, known as "The Doubling of the Squares," tells of a king presented with an intriguing new sixty-four-square board game by his court philosopher. The king is so delighted by chess that he invites the inventor to name his own reward. Oh, I don''t want much , replies the philosopher, pointing to the chessboard. Just give me one grain of wheat for the first square of the board, two grains for the second square, four grains for the third square, and so on, doubling the number of grains for each successive square, up to the sixty-fourth square. The king is shocked, and even insulted, by what seems like such a modest request. He doesn''t realize that through the hidden power of geometric progression, his court philosopher has just requested 18,446,744,073,709,551,615 (eighteen quintillion ) grains of wheat--more than exists on the entire planet. The king has not only just been given a fascinating new game; he''s also been treated to a powerful numbers lesson. This widely repeated story is obviously apocryphal, but the facts of geometric progression are real. Such mathematical concepts were crucial to the advancement of technology and civilization--but were useless unless they could be understood. The advancement of big ideas required not just clever inventors, but also great teachers and vivid presentation vehicles. That''s apparently where chess came in: it used the highly accessible idea of war to convey far less concrete ideas. Chess was, in a sense, medieval presentation software--the PowerPoint of the Middle Ages. It was a customizable platform for poets, philosophers, and other intellectuals to explore and present a wide array of complex ideas in a visual and compelling way. The game, in reality, was not invented all at once, in a fit of inspiration by a single king, general, philosopher, or court wizard. Rather, it was almost certainly (like the Bible and the Internet) the result of years of tinkering by a large, decentralized group, a slow achievement of collective intelligence. After what might have been centuries of tinkering, chatrang , the first true version of what we now call chess, finally emerged in Persia sometime during the fifth or sixth c

Product Details

Author
David Shenk
Short Title
IMMORTAL GAME
Pages
327
Publisher
Anchor Books
Language
English
ISBN-10
1400034086
ISBN-13
9781400034086
Media
Book
Format
Paperback
Illustrations
Yes
Year
2007
Publication Date
2007-09-30
Subtitle
A History of Chess or How 32 Carved Pieces on a Board Illuminated Our Understanding of War, Art, Science, and the Human Brain
Country of Publication
United States
Residence
Brooklyn, NY, US
Audience
General/Trade